In 1892, the federal government opened a new immigration processing center on Ellis Island in New York harbor. Although immigrants often settled near ports of entry, a large number did find their way inland.
Which two ports did most immigrants come to when they arrived in America?
Passenger Arrival Lists Immigrants could have entered the United States at many different ports. The major ports of entry were New York, Baltimore, Boston, Philadelphia, and New Orleans. Records of these ports and other minor ports are available to search: 1820-1945 Free New Orleans, Louisiana Passenger Lists.
How long did it take to become a US citizen in 1950?
In general, naturalization was a two-step process* that took a minimum of five years. After residing in the United States for two years, an alien could file a “declaration of intention” (“first papers”) to become a citizen. After three additional years, the alien could “petition for naturalization” (”second papers”).
What was the six second medical exam?
Explain the “six second” medical exam — The “six second” medical exam was a test immigrants had to pass. They had to walk up steps and be examined by people standing at the top to see if they had any trouble reaching it. If the did, they were marked and had to wait in the Great Hall for a full physical.
What were living conditions like for new immigrants in cities?
Even with neighborhood support, however, immigrants often found city life difficult. Many immigrants lived in tenements. These were poorly built, overcrowded apartment buildings. Lacking adequate light, ventilation, and sanitation, tenements were very unhealthy places to live.
How were immigrants treated during the Progressive Era?
In the cities, immigrants were faced with overcrowding, inadequate water facilities, poor sanitation, and disease. Working class wages provided little more than subsistence living and very limited opportunities for movement out of the city slums. However, not all was bleak in the cities of the Progressive Era.