The exact number of Dust Bowl refugees remains a matter of controversy, but by some estimates, as many as 400,000 migrants headed west to California during the 1930s, according to Christy Gavin and Garth Milam, writing in California State University, Bakersfield’s Dust Bowl Migration Archives.
Who migrated to California in the 1930s?
In the 1930s, farmers from the Midwestern Dust Bowl states, especially Oklahoma and Arkansas, began to move to California; 250,000 arrived by 1940, including a third who moved into the San Joaquin Valley, which had a 1930 population of 540,000. During the 1930s, some 2.5 million people left the Plains states.
How many migrant workers were there in the 1930s?
Why They Left Home. During the 1930s, more than 2.5 million people migrated to California. Most of those who migrated were from Great Plains states, including Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri and Texas. The migrants left their homes due to a mix of ecological and environmental issues.
Why did so many Okies migrate to CA in the 1930s?
In the mid-1930s, during the Dust Bowl era, large numbers of farmers fleeing ecological disaster and the Great Depression migrated from the Great Plains and Southwest regions to California mostly along historic U.S. Route 66.
What was California like in the 1930s?
California was hit hard by the economic collapse of the 1930s. Businesses failed, workers lost their jobs, and families fell into poverty. While the political response to the depression often was confused and ineffective, social messiahs offered alluring panaceas promising relief and recovery.
What drew migrants to California in the 1930s?
Which best describes what drew migrants to California in the 1930s? The promise of fruit picking jobs.
What race were migrant workers in the 1930s?
In fact, when the Dust Bowl families arrived in California looking for work, the majority of migrant farm laborers were either Latino or Asian, particularly of Mexican and Filipino descent.
What did migrant workers eat in the 1930s?
Migrant families primarily subsisted on starch-based foods like potatoes, biscuits, and fried dough that would fill them up enough to complete a day’s work in the fields. The estimated annual income of agricultural workers was $450 per family.
What did most Okies find in California?
Water, green grass, and swelling earth conjure the “promised land” described in John Steinbeck’s classic novel The Grapes of Wrath. Like the Joad family in Steinbeck’s novel, nearly 40 percent of migrants wound up in California’s San Joaquin Valley picking cotton and grapes.
Did the Okies stay in California?
Okies–They Sank Roots and Changed the Heart of California : History: Unwanted and shunned, the 1930s refugees from the Dust Bowl endured, spawning new generations. Their legacy can be found in towns scattered throughout the San Joaquin Valley. … Well, the Okies certainly did not die out.