The main themes in Refugee are trauma and growing up, the dehumanization of refugees, and empathy and hope. Trauma and growing up: The novel highlights the cruelty of having to become an adult too quickly in order to survive.
What are the themes of Refugee?
Although each refugee’s experience is unique, some common themes in refugee-written literature include war, education, childhood, identity, culture, equality, respect, fear, hope, suffering, sadness, discrimination, and displacement.
What was the importance of the word tomorrow in Refugee?
Gratz also highlights one word in particular that captures the dual nature of hope and despair: the word “tomorrow” (or in Spanish, “mañana”). “Tomorrow” becomes a refrain that people often repeat to refugees in each story—when Josef wants to know when they can disembark from the St.
Does Josef die in Refugee?
Josef sacrifices himself in order to relieve his mother from the burden of this choice and to spare Ruthie from the concentration camps. Josef later dies in the camps, along with his mother. It is later learned that Josef’s father is alive and well in Cuba.
How does Josef die in Refugee?
But perhaps Josef’s heaviest decision is the one he must make at the end of the novel: when Nazis give Rachel the choice of setting only one of her children free, Josef sacrifices himself in order to relieve Rachel from the burden of this choice and to spare Ruthie from the concentration camps.
Did Mahmoud ever find Hana?
Mahmoud and his mother struggle to survive in the Mediterranean but eventually the family is rescued by the Greek Coast Guard. They get to Lesbos and search for Hana, but do not find her. They go to Athens and decide to escape by crossing into Macedonia.
Why did Mahmoud leave Syria in refugee?
Mahmoud Bishara is a 12-year-old boy from Aleppo, Syria who lives in 2015 in the book Refugee. … Mahmoud’s family made the decision to leave Syria after their building gets bombed, and because of the long-term dangerous and violent conditions in Syria.
Where did Mahmoud go in refugee?
Mahmoud made it to a deserted island in Greece where he was picked up by another boat. From Greece he travelled to Macedonia and on to Hungary where he narrowly avoided the authorities; sleeping in woods for 12 hours before paying an agent to take him to the Austrian border.