Refugee Status Determination, or RSD, is the legal or administrative process by which governments or UNHCR determine whether a person seeking international protection is considered a refugee under international, regional or national law.
Who or what determines if a person is a refugee?
A refugee is someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war or violence. A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group.
Who has authority to determine refugee status?
Countries use different procedures to decide whether someone is a refugee. This is often called ‘refugee status determination’ (RSD). In many developing countries, it is the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) that makes the decision.
What qualifies someone as a refugee?
According to the 1951 Convention, a number of criteria. must be met for a person to qualify as a refugee: • Well-founded fear of persecution. • For reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion) • is outside the country of his nationality.
How do you prove you are a refugee?
The most important document for an officer to review is either the refugee application or the relative petition, which provides proof of status and establishes identity (with attached photo) as well as citizenship, since most refugees will not have a birth certificate or a passport.
How long does refugee status last?
Refugee status is granted indefinitely and has no expiration date once the refugee has arrived in the United States. However, refugees are required to apply for permanent resident status (a green card) a year after living in the U.S.
Do refugees have legal status?
One year after resettlement, refugees may apply for Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR) status. If they adjust to LPR status, they may petition for naturalization five years after their arrival in the United States.
How long does it take to become a refugee?
How long does the asylum process take? The length of the asylum process varies, but it typically takes between 6 months and several years. The length of asylum process may vary depending on whether the asylum seeker filed affirmatively or defensively and on the particular facts of his or her asylum claim.
What are the three types of refugee?
While refugee is a generalized term for people who flee there are a couple of different types of refugees to define.
- Refugee. …
- Asylum Seekers. …
- Internally Displaced Persons. …
- Stateless Persons. …
- Returnees. …
- Religious or Political Affiliation. …
- Escaping War. …
- Discrimination based on Gender/Sexual Orientation.
How do refugees get citizenship?
In order for a refugee to become a citizen, he or she must be in the United States for at least five years and have permanent residence for at least five years. … The time that the refugee spends in the United States as a permanent resident will go toward the five years’ requirement for naturalization.