What was the impact of the migrant labour system in black communities?
For instance, Smit (2001) observed that labour migration caused marital and familial dissolution and breakdown among the Black African families. In relation to other families, Black African families also had to endure poverty, conjugal fidelity, and paternal absenteeism (Smit, 2001 ).
What were the causes of migrant labour?
Origins. The labor demands of a rapidly growing mining industry and the imposition of colonial control were enormously important forces in shaping the long-term trajectory of migrant labor in South Africa. But a still-deeper history of the wider region also played a significant part in the genesis of the system.
What is the conclusion of migration?
Migration is defined as the regular movement of animals each year between separate breeding and wintering grounds. There are many different types of migratory behaviour, ranging from completely sedentary populations to populations that are completely migratory (obligate migrants).
What is the effects of labor migration?
The major positive effect of labour migration in the sending countries is that it provides temporary relief on domestic labour markets and helps reduce unemployment, particularly in economically-deprived areas.
Why were closed compounds used?
Firstly, closed compounds would, it was believed, prevent the theft of diamonds. Illicit diamond trading was one of the most significant challenges confronting mining companies throughout the 1870s and 1880s, with between one-third and one-half of all diamonds being stolen and traded illicitly.
What is the significance of randlords?
Randlords were the capitalists who controlled the diamond and gold mining industries in South Africa in its pioneer phase from the 1870s up to World War I. A small number of European financiers, largely of the same generation, gained control of the diamond mining industry at Kimberley, Northern Cape.
What was the social impact of the Native Land Act of 1913?
No longer able to provide for themselves and their families, people were forced to look for work far away from their homes. This marked the beginning of socio-economic challenges the country is facing today such as landlessness, poverty and inequality.