The reasons why people decide to migrate are multiple and complex. They include the absence of employment opportunities in their countries of origin, the scarcity of health and education services, or the desire to reunite with family members already in other countries: they are a combination of choice and constraints.
What are the challenges of migration?
Migrants are often faced with challenges of being accepted by host communities, hence the difficulties in communal integration, harmonious living, commerce, cultural practices, religious beliefs, language barriers, agricultural practices, economic activities, social integration, pastoralism and others.
Why is migration difficult?
International economic disparities, poverty and environmental degradation, combined with the absence of peace and security and human rights violations are all factors affecting international migration. Today, it is estimated that there are nearly 200 million migrants are living in countries in which they were not born.
Why is migration not good?
Human development is especially at risk when skilled emigration affects the education and health sectors. Although remittances help families, migration outflows can create labour shortages, especially in rural areas. This lost-labour effect can sometimes, like in Sahelian countries, exacerbate food insecurity.
What are the reasons for migration?
These reasons can be classified as economic, social, political or environmental: social migration – moving somewhere for a better quality of life or to be closer to family or friends.
Push and pull factors
- lack of services.
- lack of safety.
- high crime.
- crop failure.
What are the positive effects of migration?
Migration helps in improving the quality of life of people. It helps to improve social life of people as they learn about new culture, customs, and languages which helps to improve brotherhood among people. Migration of skilled workers leads to a greater economic growth of the region.
What are the causes and effects of migration?
Migration is a consequence of the uneven – distribution of opportunities over space. People : tends to move from place of low opportunity and low safety to the place of higher opportunity and ; better safety. Results can be observed in i economic, social, cultural, political and, demographic terms.
What is the most obvious cause of migration?
The most obvious cause of migration is the disparity in levels of income, employment and social well-being between differing areas. Differences in demographic patterns with regard to fertility, mortality, age-structure and labourforce growth are also important (Hugo 1998).
What are the social benefits of migration?
The different aspects of the impact of migration on social structures include 1) improvement of the housing situation for foreigners, 2) teaching migrants the language of the receiving country, 3) solving the unemployment problem of unskilled migrants, 4) improvement of educational and vocational qualifications of 2nd …