During the Great Migration, African Americans began to build a new place for themselves in public life, actively confronting racial prejudice as well as economic, political and social challenges to create a Black urban culture that would exert enormous influence in the decades to come.
What was the main effect of the Great Migration?
The Great Migration—the massive migration of African Americans out of the rural South to largely urban locations in the North, Midwest, and West—was a landmark event in U.S. history. Our paper shows that this migration increased mortality of African Americans born in the early twentieth century South.
What is the great migration and why did it occur?
The Great Migration was a massive movement of African Americans out of the South and into the North during the World War I era, around 1914-1920. Blacks moved to northern cities for the economic opportunity afforded by war conditions, but also to flee the overt racism and prejudice endemic in the South.
What were two results of the Great Migration?
Between 1910 and 1930, the African-American population increased by about forty percent in Northern states as a result of the migration, mostly in the major cities. … Tens of thousands of Black workers were recruited for industrial jobs, such as positions related to the expansion of the Pennsylvania Railroad.
What were the negative effects of the Great Migration?
Common causes of death for the migrants included cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, and cirrhosis — all linked to bad habits like smoking and drinking.
What were the push and pull factors of the Great Migration?
What are the push-and-pull factors that caused the Great Migration? Economic exploitation, social terror and political disenfranchisement were the push factors. The political push factors being Jim Crow, and in particular, disenfranchisement. Black people lost the ability to vote.
Why did the Second Great Migration happen?
Dire economic conditions in the South necessitated the move to the North for many black families. The expansion of industrial production and the further mechanization of the agricultural industry, in part, spurred the Second Great Migration following the end of World War II.
What was the primary reason many African Americans migrated to the north both during and after World War I?
26 What was the primary reason many African Americans migrated to the North both during and after World War I? (1) More economic opportunities existed in the North. (2) Few chances to gain political office were available in the South. (3) Racism and discrimination had been eliminated in the North.
What were the causes of the Great Migration quizlet?
Definition- When African americans looked to the north for Jobs they did this with hope of finding the freedom and economic opportunities unavailable to them in the South. Two Causes- came about from Great Migration and lack of jobs after war-African Americans and soldiers returning from war.
Where did the great migration occur?
The Great Migration was the mass movement of about five million southern blacks to the north and west between 1915 and 1960. During the initial wave the majority of migrants moved to major northern cities such as Chicago, Illiniois, Detroit, Michigan, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and New York, New York.
What were three reasons for African American migration to the north and west Apush?
The movement of African Americans from the South to the industrial centers of the Northeast and the Midwest. Causes for migration included decreasing cotton prices, the lack of immigrant workers in the North, increased manufacturing as a result of the war, and the strengthening of the KKK.