The Great Depression and the Dust Bowl (a period of drought that destroyed millions of acres of farmland) forced white farmers to sell their farms and become migrant workers who traveled from farm to farm to pick fruit and other crops at starvation wages.
Who were the American migrant workers of the 1930s and where did they come from?
During the 1930s, more than 2.5 million people migrated to California. Most of those who migrated were from Great Plains states, including Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri and Texas. The migrants left their homes due to a mix of ecological and environmental issues.
Who were the migrant workers and how were they affected by the Great Depression?
How did the Great Depression effect the migrant worker? Many Mexican American migrant workers were falsely deported because they were not viewed as “real” Americans. Migrant workers were subjected to harsher working conditions and lower wages because people were desperate for work. Workers were replaceable.
What caused migration during the Great Depression?
When the topsoil from once-fertile farms literally blew away and crops died, hundreds of thousands of farmers found themselves with no way to make a living. This, combined with the Great Depression that the country, as a whole, was facing, led to dire economic circumstances and mass migration.
Why were there so many migrant workers in the 1930s?
The Great Depression and the Dust Bowl, a period of drought that destroyed millions of acres of farmland, forces white farmers to sell their farms and become migrant workers who travel from farm to farm to pick fruit and other crops at starvation wages.
What did migrant workers eat in the 1930s?
Migrant families primarily subsisted on starch-based foods like potatoes, biscuits, and fried dough that would fill them up enough to complete a day’s work in the fields. The estimated annual income of agricultural workers was $450 per family.
Why did farmers move to California during the Great Depression?
Migration Out of the Plains during the Depression. During the Dust Bowl years, the weather destroyed nearly all the crops farmers tried to grow on the Great Plains. … Many once-proud farmers packed up their families and moved to California hoping to find work as day laborers on huge farms.
How many people migrated to California in the 1930s?
The exact number of Dust Bowl refugees remains a matter of controversy, but by some estimates, as many as 400,000 migrants headed west to California during the 1930s, according to Christy Gavin and Garth Milam, writing in California State University, Bakersfield’s Dust Bowl Migration Archives.
What event brought an end to the Great Depression?
Mobilizing the economy for world war finally cured the depression. Millions of men and women joined the armed forces, and even larger numbers went to work in well-paying defense jobs. World War Two affected the world and the United States profoundly; it continues to influence us even today.
Did migrant workers have any options for a better life?
Did migrant workers have any options for a better life? –Yes, but no. They could have been something great if they chose to, but that would have taken a lot of effort.
What were typical salaries for migrant workers during the Dust Bowl?
As a result, wages throughout the nation fell during the Depression. Migrant workers in California who had been making 35 cents per hour in 1928 made only 14 cents per hour in 1933. Sugar beet workers in Colorado saw their wages decrease from $27 an acre in 1930 to $12.37 an acre three years later.
How were immigrants treated during the Great Depression?
The Great Depression of the 1930s hit Mexican immigrants especially hard. … Immigrants were offered free train rides to Mexico, and some went voluntarily, but many were either tricked or coerced into repatriation, and some U.S. citizens were deported simply on suspicion of being Mexican.