Between 1945 and 1965, two million immigrants arrived in Australia. The decision by the Australian Government to open up the nation in this way was based on the notion of ‘populate or perish’ that emerged in the wake of the Second World War.
Who migrated to Australia during ww2?
182,159 people were sponsored by the International Refugee Organisation (IRO) from the end of World War II up to the end of 1954 to resettle in Australia from Europe—more than the number of convicts transported to Australia in the first 80 years after European settlement.
Who originally migrated to Australia?
The first migrants were decidedly involuntary, the convicts transported from Britain, Ireland and, to a lesser degree, other British colonies. Altogether 80,000 arrived in New South Wales between 1788 and 1840.
Where did the beautiful Balts come from?
About the book
170,000 displaced persons arrived in Australia between 1947 and 1952. Australia’s first immigration minister, Arthur Calwell, scoured post-war Europe for refugees, displaced persons he characterised as ‘Beautiful Balts’.
What happened to Australia after WWII?
After World War II, Australia launched a massive immigration program, believing that having narrowly avoided a Japanese invasion, Australia must “populate or perish.” As Prime Minister Ben Chifley would later declare, “a powerful enemy looked hungrily toward Australia.
Why did the Dutch migrate to Australia?
Many Dutch people migrated to Australia in the wake of World War II. Many Dutch people lost their lives during the German occupation and Allied bombing and as Europe was facing economic and social devastation, survivors were encouraged by the Dutch and Australian governments to come to Australia.
How many Italians migrated to Australia after ww2?
From 1945 to 1972, 373,966 Italians came to live in Australia – the Italians were the second largest group of migrants after the British.
Why did the British move to Australia?
The reasons that led the British to invade Australia were simple. The prisons in Britain had become unbearably overcrowded, a situation worsened by the refusal of America to take any more convicts after the American War of Independence in 1783.
When did English people move to Australia?
English immigrants have been the largest group to migrate to Australia since the establishment of New South Wales as the first penal colony in 1788.