Parents need to know that Refugee by Alan Gratz is a historical novel that braids the stories of three young refugees in three different time periods and settings: 1938 Berlin, 1994 Cuba, and 2015 Syria. The circumstances of all the kids and families are dire, and their journeys are fraught with imminent danger.
What is the setting for Josef in Refugee?
Refugee Summary. Refugee follows the stories of three refugee children fleeing conflicts in their home countries. The first protagonist, Josef, is a 12-year-old Jewish boy living in Germany in 1938, during the rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party.
What is the new setting in Josef’s story?
The MS St.
Louis is the setting for the bulk of Josef’s story, while he and his family are passengers. The ship is originally a setting of safety and promise – as it is taking them to a new homeland. … Josef and his family board the MS St. Louis out of Hamburg Germany, after their father has been released from Dachau.
What is the setting of Mahmoud’s story in Chapter 1?
Mahmoud Bishara, a twelve-year-old boy, tries to live an “invisible” life in Aleppo, Syria. After four years of war, he has become paranoid, and his younger brother, Waleed, no longer expresses emotions.
What point of view is Refugee in?
The novel is told from the third person point of view of three young adults – Josef, Isabel, and Mahmoud in that order. The story is broken into different perspectives from each of them and moves forward in time from the start of each of their stories.
What does Josef look like in refugee?
Josef has “straight brown hair slicked back from his pale white forehead, brown eyes behind wire-frame glasses that sat on a short nose, ears that suck out maybe a little too far” (21). Josef is primarily concerned with what it means to become a man, and the safety of his family.
Who is Isabel’s mom in refugee?
Isabel spends much of the dangerous trip acting as an adult: she takes care of her eight-and-a-half-months pregnant mother, Teresa; she saves Señor Castillo when he is thrown overboard by waves; and she spends much of the trip relentlessly bailing out water from their boat so that they can continue their journey.
Why did Josef slap his father?
When his father’s mental health deteriorates, Josef slaps and threatens him to ensure that he can pass the medical inspection to get into Cuba, effectively reversing their roles as father and son.
What is the main conflict in Josef’s story?
The main conflict in the book Refugee by Alan Gratz is that between the three children and the regimes from which they’re trying to escape. Adults would find such a conflict difficult to resolve, but as children, Josef, Isabel, and Mahmoud find it especially hard.
Does Mahmoud find Hana?
Mahmoud and his mother struggle to survive in the Mediterranean but eventually the family is rescued by the Greek Coast Guard. They get to Lesbos and search for Hana, but do not find her. They go to Athens and decide to escape by crossing into Macedonia.
What is the main idea of Chapter 1 in refugee?
In the first chapter, Grantz introduces the perspectives and symbolism that will be used throughout the novel. He introduces us to the stories, the different settings, and the commonalities of living as a refugee, and the children’s very different perspectives on safety, normalcy, and responses to change.
What is the main idea of Chapter 5 in refugee?
As people evacuate Paris to escape the approaching Germans, Julien sends Isabelle to stay with Vianne in Carriveau despite Isabelle’s objection that she wants to stay and fight against the Germans.
What is the moral of Refugee?
The main themes in Refugee are trauma and growing up, the dehumanization of refugees, and empathy and hope. Trauma and growing up: The novel highlights the cruelty of having to become an adult too quickly in order to survive.
Who are three protagonists in the novel Refugee?
- Josef Landau. One of the three protagonists of the book, alongside Isabel and Mahmoud. …
- Isabel Fernandez. One of the three protagonists of the book, alongside Josef and Mahmoud. …
- Mahmoud Bishara. …
- Ruthie Landau/Rosenberg. …
- Lito/Mariano Padron. …
- Aaron Landau. …
- Geraldo Fernandez. …
- Rachel Landau.