The Dust Bowl exodus was the largest migration in American history. By 1940, 2.5 million people had moved out of the Plains states; of those, 200,000 moved to California.
Did people move to California during the Dust Bowl?
Over 300,000 of them came to California. They looked to California as a land of promise. Not since the Gold Rush had so many people traveled in such large numbers to the state. The Dust Bowl migrants came to California to stay, and they changed the culture and politics of the state forever.
How many Okies migrated to California?
Historians aren’t sure just how many Okies poured into California in that turbulent decade. Keeping tidy records of so many people on the move was chancy. It was by all accounts the last great migration of a nation moving west and may have numbered as many as 500,000. Even the term Okie is imprecise.
Which state lost the most of its population to the Dust Bowl?
In the rural area outside Boise City, Oklahoma, the population dropped 40% with 1,642 small farmers and their families pulling up stakes. The Dust Bowl exodus was the largest migration in American history. By 1940, 2.5 million people had moved out of the Plains states; of those, 200,000 moved to California.
What industry suffered the most during the Great Depression?
Industries that suffered the most included agriculture, mining, logging, durable goods, construction, and automobiles. The depression caused major political changes including President Herbert Hoover’s loss in the presidential election of 1932 to Franklin Roosevelt.
What 5 states were affected by the Dust Bowl?
Although it technically refers to the western third of Kansas, southeastern Colorado, the Oklahoma Panhandle, the northern two-thirds of the Texas Panhandle, and northeastern New Mexico, the Dust Bowl has come to symbolize the hardships of the entire nation during the 1930s.
Who migrated to California during the Great Depression?
In the 1930s, farmers from the Midwestern Dust Bowl states, especially Oklahoma and Arkansas, began to move to California; 250,000 arrived by 1940, including a third who moved into the San Joaquin Valley, which had a 1930 population of 540,000. During the 1930s, some 2.5 million people left the Plains states.
How were Okies treated in California?
Predominantly upland southerners, the half-million Okies met new hardships in California, where they were unwelcome aliens, forced to live in squatter camps and to compete for scarce jobs as agricultural migrant laborers. … With many more willing hands than jobs, wage rates dropped.
What were the leading causes of the Dust Bowl?
What circumstances conspired to cause the Dust Bowl? Economic depression coupled with extended drought, unusually high temperatures, poor agricultural practices and the resulting wind erosion all contributed to making the Dust Bowl. The seeds of the Dust Bowl may have been sowed during the early 1920s.
What did most Okies find in California?
Water, green grass, and swelling earth conjure the “promised land” described in John Steinbeck’s classic novel The Grapes of Wrath. Like the Joad family in Steinbeck’s novel, nearly 40 percent of migrants wound up in California’s San Joaquin Valley picking cotton and grapes.
What does Okie mean in English?
1 informal : a native or resident of Oklahoma. 2 informal + sometimes disparaging : a migrant agricultural worker especially : one from Oklahoma in the 1930s.