During the Great Migration, African Americans began to build a new place for themselves in public life, actively confronting racial prejudice as well as economic, political and social challenges to create a Black urban culture that would exert enormous influence in the decades to come.
What was the great migration to the North?
The Great Migration was the mass movement of about five million southern blacks to the north and west between 1915 and 1960. During the initial wave the majority of migrants moved to major northern cities such as Chicago, Illiniois, Detroit, Michigan, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and New York, New York.
What were two results of the Great Migration?
Between 1910 and 1930, the African-American population increased by about forty percent in Northern states as a result of the migration, mostly in the major cities. … Tens of thousands of Black workers were recruited for industrial jobs, such as positions related to the expansion of the Pennsylvania Railroad.
What was the primary reason many African Americans migrated to the north both during and after World War I?
26 What was the primary reason many African Americans migrated to the North both during and after World War I? (1) More economic opportunities existed in the North. (2) Few chances to gain political office were available in the South. (3) Racism and discrimination had been eliminated in the North.
What were three reasons for African American migration to the north and west Apush?
The movement of African Americans from the South to the industrial centers of the Northeast and the Midwest. Causes for migration included decreasing cotton prices, the lack of immigrant workers in the North, increased manufacturing as a result of the war, and the strengthening of the KKK.
What caused the 2nd Great Migration?
Dire economic conditions in the South necessitated the move to the North for many black families. The expansion of industrial production and the further mechanization of the agricultural industry, in part, spurred the Second Great Migration following the end of World War II.
What event led to the second wave of African American migration to the West?
THE SECOND WAVE: OUT OF THE RURAL SOUTH
The stock market crash of 1929 and Great Depression that followed slowed the migration trend. However, as World War II revved up industry production, African Americans began to move from rural areas and into city centers again, and from southern cities to northern ones.
What were the negative effects of the Great Migration?
Common causes of death for the migrants included cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, and cirrhosis — all linked to bad habits like smoking and drinking.
What impact did World War I have on the Great Migration?
Arguably the most profound effect of World War I on African Americans was the acceleration of the multi-decade mass movement of black, southern rural farm laborers northward and westward to cities in search of higher wages in industrial jobs and better social and political opportunities.
What pushed African American to the North after reconstruction?
In the 50 years following the end of Reconstruction, African Americans transformed American life once more: They moved. Driven in part by economic concerns, and in part by frustration with the straitened social conditions of the South, in the 1870s African Americans began moving North and West in great numbers.