The post-Civil War industrialization in the U.S., with its railroads, steel mills and textile factories, brought increased demand for labor that was satisfied by European immigration. … However, most of the Irish came to America in the 1840s after the potato famine.
Why did Irish immigrants come to America in the 1830s?
Most Irish immigrants who arrived after 1830 were Roman Catholics. The established population of the United States was mainly Protestant. Suspicion of Catholics in general and of Irish Catholics in particular led to the creation of a number of anti-Catholic organizations.
Why did the Irish first come to America?
Fleeing a shipwreck of an island, nearly 2 million refugees from Ireland crossed the Atlantic to the United States in the dismal wake of the Great Hunger. Beginning in 1845, the fortunes of the Irish began to sag along with the withering leaves of the country’s potato plants.
Where did most Irish immigrants settled between 1820 in 1850?
The correct answer is cities on the East Coast. Most immigrant Irish settled in the East Coast between 1820 and 1850.
What problems did the Irish immigrants face in America?
Disease of all kinds (including cholera, typhus, tuberculosis, and mental illness) resulted from these miserable living conditions. Irish immigrants sometimes faced hostility from other groups in the U.S., and were accused of spreading disease and blamed for the unsanitary conditions many lived in.
Why are there so many Irish in America?
Pushed out of Ireland by religious conflicts, lack of political autonomy and dire economic conditions, these immigrants, who were often called “Scotch-Irish,” were pulled to America by the promise of land ownership and greater religious freedom. Many Scotch-Irish immigrants were educated, skilled workers.
Why did Irish leave Ireland?
Thousands of families left Ireland in the 19th century because of rising rents and prices, bad landlords, poor harvests, and a lack of jobs. … The majority of Irish immigrants came to work in the factories of the north west of England, especially Liverpool, which was easily reached by boat from Dublin and Belfast.