Abstract. The end of British colonial rule in India on August 14/15, 1947 was accompanied by the political partition of the Indian subcontinent into two independent nation-states – India and Pakistan. … Thus the India–Pakistan Partition resulted in one of the largest forced migrations of the 20th century.
What was the main cause of the partition of India?
This partition was part of the end of British rule over the Indian subcontinent, called British Raj. The partition was caused in part by the two-nation theory presented by Syed Ahmed Khan, due to presented religious issues. Pakistan became a Muslim country, and India became a majority Hindu but secular country.
What type of migration did India and Pakistan experience in the year 1947?
The partition of 1947 was characterized as one of the largest mass migrations in the history of human existence. Approximately 14 million people from various religions such as Hindu, Muslim and Sikh migrated during this phenomenon, as per UNHCR.
How many people migrated after the partition of India?
The partition of India in August 1947 is one such example. Despite being one of the largest and most rapid migrations in human history with an estimated 14.5 million people migrating within four years, there is little analytic work that examines the nature or conse- quences of this rapid movement.
How many died in the partition of India?
The Partition of India was the division of British India into two independent Dominions: India and Pakistan.
Partition of India.
|Prevailing religions of the British Indian Empire (1901), the basis for the partition of India|
|Date||15 August 1947|
|Deaths||200,000 to 2 million deaths 10 to 20 million displaced|
Who opposed the partition of India?
The Hindu, Christian, Anglo-Indian, Parsi and Sikh communities were largely opposed to the partition of India (and its underlying two-nation theory), as were many Muslims (these were represented by the All India Azad Muslim Conference).
How much money did India gave to Pakistan at the time of partition?
On Partition of India, the share of Pakistan out of the combined kitty of United India was Rs 75 crores. The first instalment of 20 crores was paid and the balance of Rs 55 crores was to be paid in the second instalment. Meanwhile, Pakistan initiated a war against India in Oct 1947.
Why did British officials partition India and Pakistan?
Why did British officials partition India into India and Pakistan? … British officials soon became convinced that partition an idea first proposed by India’s Muslims, would be the only way to ensure a safe and secure region. Partition was the term given to the division of India into separate Hindu and Muslim nations.
Why Pakistan was created?
Spurred by the Pakistan Movement, which sought a homeland for the Muslims of British India, and election victories in 1946 by the All-India Muslim League, Pakistan gained independence in 1947 after the Partition of the British Indian Empire, which awarded separate statehood to its Muslim-majority regions and was …
Who are called immigrants?
Migrants might be defined by foreign birth, by foreign citizenship, or by their movement into a new country to stay temporarily (sometimes for as little as one month) or to settle for the long-term. … In some scholarly and everyday usage, people who move internally within national boundaries are called migrants.