The United Kingdom. The first Europeans to migrate to Australia were the British settlers who arrived on the First Fleet in 1788. To relieve overcrowding in Britain’s prisons, the government sent the expedition to establish a penal colony on the remote continent.
Why did the British move to Australia?
The reasons that led the British to invade Australia were simple. The prisons in Britain had become unbearably overcrowded, a situation worsened by the refusal of America to take any more convicts after the American War of Independence in 1783.
Why did the British migrate?
People migrated to Britain for many reasons. Many were refugees fleeing persecution and seeking asylum and safety. Some were forced to come here against their will, kidnapped or enslaved. Most, however, were economic migrants looking for work and a better life.
How did British immigrants come to Australia?
British immigrants have been arriving in Australia at an average rate of more than 58,000 per year since the post-war migration programme got under way in 1947. … Of all these British immigrants to arrive in Australia, a little over half of them (52.92 per cent) came under the Free or Assisted Passage schemes.
Is Australia still a British colony?
The final constitutional ties between the United Kingdom and Australia ended in 1986 with the passing of the Australia Act 1986. … Due to Australia’s history as a colony of Britain, the two nations retain significant shared threads of cultural heritage, many of which are common to all English-speaking countries.
What killed the most Aborigines after Europeans arrived?
When the Europeans arrived, carrying germs which thrived in dense, semi-urban populations, the indigenous people of the Americas were effectively doomed. They had never experienced smallpox, measles or flu before, and the viruses tore through the continent, killing an estimated 90% of Native Americans.
When did English people move to Australia?
English immigrants have been the largest group to migrate to Australia since the establishment of New South Wales as the first penal colony in 1788.
Who migrated to Australia first?
The first migrants were decidedly involuntary, the convicts transported from Britain, Ireland and, to a lesser degree, other British colonies. Altogether 80,000 arrived in New South Wales between 1788 and 1840.